WHAT IS IMPLANT?
Implant is a tissue friendly material of titanium that is placed into the bone and is in function as the tooth root when redoing tooth lost for any reasons. These materials give support function for the dentures that are placed into the mouth.
In which cases is Implant applied?
Implant is applied for all treatments of missing teeth. Implant is a good option especially in conditions where downsizing by cutting the teeth in areas adjacent to the missing teeth is not desired or where partial denture to be applied to the posterior group of teeth is not desired or for patients with fully edentulous who doesn’t want complete denture.
How to place Implant?
Placing the implant requires a minor surgical process. Prior to placing the implant, a small cutting is made to the gingival. Later on the bone is perforated with appropriate tools and the implant is placed. This is like a wall is drilled with an electric drill and a screw is installed. The operation for each implant takes 10-15 minutes. The process is performed under anaesthesia and pain is therefore beside the point.
It is a type of denture obtained by pasting artificial teeth on the downsized teeth. These denture teeth can be conducted to one tooth as well as by downsizing the adjacent tooth and connecting as a bridge style to the several missing teeth. It can be performed on the implant.
Denture’s main objectives are as follows:
-If aesthetic is required.
-If damages on the tooth is significant
-Teeth colorization, Teeth in spaced and convoluted condistions
There are several types according to their construction:
1- Metal Supported Bridges: It is a bridge by using metal beneath the porcelain coating in order to increasethe resistance of porcelain teeth.
2- Metal-free Crowns Bridge: Crowns and bridges that are more aesthetic purposes. It is preferred only to the anterior groups of teeth due to less resistant.
3- Zirconium Crowns and Bridges: It is applied if aesthetic is desired. Zirconium is used instead of metal on lower part. Zirconium is a pressure resistant material in tooth colour. It can be easily used also for the rear groups of teeth for aesthetic purposes.
on Şubat 17, 2012 in gingival diseases
Gingival is usually in pink colour, its dull surface is in an appearance of orange peel, firm consistency and no bleedings occurred.
Deformation of the appearance due to various reasons is a telling sign for initiating of gingival diseases.
The most important factor in gingival health is the tooth cleaning. In insufficient cleaning conditions, plaque which is called dental plaque, occurs at the junction of tooth and gingival. Gingival diseases arise from the amassed bacteria on the plaque and tartar which is effective due to decantation of inorganic materials.
The most known symptom of the gingival disease is the gingival bleeding. Gingival bleeding may occur from tooth brushing as well as in advanced cases when eating hard foods or even by itself. Gingival swells in time, reddens, the length of teeth extends, and bad breath occurs, the space between the teeth are widened.
In advanced cases of the disease also in bone tissues surrounding the tooth root start to melt. Tooth that has loosened the bone support starts to dangling and the tooth are loosening by itself.
The in time amassed nicotine stains on the tooth for smokers is causing gingival as a result of retention of food.
In some systemic diseases gingival can be lead to gingival disease. Especially uncontrollable diabetes can cause this disease. Besides, Phenytoin that is used for epilepsy treatment, Cyelosporin as an immunosupresif medicine and some cardiac and blood pressure medications can also lead to gingival disease. The genetic in gingival disease is believed to be effective.
The treatment as a first step is possible with the oral hygiene training provided to the gingival disease patients. Though, in advanced cases the treatment can be carried out by the doctor by cleaning with various equipments the gingival plaque and gingival tartar. The treatment can be made with surgical operations in cases when the bones surrounded to the tooth are involved.
WHAT IS BAD ODOUR?
Bad odour formed in the mouth is called halitosis. The halitosis can be divided into two parts.
1- Physiological Bad Odour:
Amassed gases in the mouth and digestive system cause bad odour when asleep at the night. In addition, oral odours caused by bacteria in the mouth cannot become pathogenic. This odour when waking up in the morning clears it up by itself. In addition, it can be treated by means of tooth brushing or oral rinse. It is not pathological and does not require treatment.
2- Pathological Bad Odour:
It is bad odour within the mouth or other parts of the body caused by pathological conditions and require treatments.
Reasons for Bad Odours:
Halitosis is composed of a variety of odours reasons. In general it can be occurred due to reasons of inside the mouth as well as some systemic and metabolic diseases.
Intra-oral factors are considered as follows:
- Infected and bleeding gingival
- Botched crowns – bridges, fillings and dentures
- Half retention wisdom teeth that have not been allocated in the mouth correctly
- Intra-oral inflammations and tumours
- Plaques on the tongue and metal poisoning
- Intra-oral aphtous ulcers
General reasons of bad odour
- Upper respiratory tract, throat and gullet infections and tumours
- Lung disease
- Stomach disease
- Liver failure
- Kidney disease; and
- Some metabolic disease can cause bad breath
Treatments Originating of Vestibule of Mouth
Treatments usually are carried out with the elimination of odour-causing factors.
The factors of intra-oral can be eliminated with correction of botched deterations, treating the gingival, eliminating the consisted pockets of gingival and treating the carious.
Root canal treatment is a treatment of adverse situation for living tissues within the tooth infected by the bacteria coming from surrounding tissues such as dental caries and tooth fractures.
Pulp tissue which is colloquially called tooth nerve exists underneath the enamel and dentin of the tooth. This living tissue provides the general nutrition and sense of the tooth. As a result of being influenced by physical and bacteriological, pain occurs in the tooth. In order to overcome this pain dental root canal treatment is applied. Root canal therapy is a treatment performed under local anaesthesia. The tooth is cleaned if dental caries exist and it is reached up to the channel where living tissues in the tooth is present. The cleaning of the living tissues of the canal is provided by canal equipments. Later on, root canals are filled by giving a shape. These processes are usually completed in 2-3 sessions. If the root canal treatment is done in accordance with the rules the chances of success is very high. After a failed root canal treatment is renewable. The root canal therapy to the tooth is the last applicable treatment. In cases where too many damages are occurred in the tooth, piva is placed to crowns and canals and as well as tooth filling is possible to perform during the root canal treatment.
Teeth are one of the most crucial elements of a human aesthetics and aesthetics is complement factors of our beauty. Teeth whitening take an important place in aesthetics dentistry. Teeth whitening in general are applied to cases where for various reasons the appearance of the teeth is darker than usual.
The main causes of teeth discolorations are as follows:
FLUOROSIS: Especially the presence of fluoride in foods
TETRACYCLINE: use of antibiotics tetracycline group during pregnancy and childhood periods
INFLAMMATORY DISEASES DURING THE CHILDHOOD
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS OF CANAL TREATMENT
USE OF TEA, TOBACCO AND COFFEE
Teeth whitening can be applied both to single tooth and whole teeth in the mouth.
Teeth whitening consist of two applications such as home type and office type. The home type is a method for implementing at home by the patient’s own by taking the measurement and putting whitening gel plague to obtain the desired whiteness. Duration of the treatment with this method takes 2-6 weeks.
As for office type, it is a method applied by the dentists. Whitening gel is implemented with laser lights. This method is a preferred method of treatment due to shorten the treatment period.
The primary objective of the dentists is to keep the tooth in the mouth. However, medical and technological advances in the field of dentistry are sometimes not enough to salvage the tooth. In these cases, tooth extraction becomes necessary in order to protect the health of the patient.
Main tooth extractions reasons are as follows:
- Too much damaged teeth due to over feeding progression of carious
- Failed root canal treatment
- Impossible to recover the teeth due to trauma
- Inflamed teeth
- Impacted teeth
- Dangling tooth due to gingival
Tooth extractions progresses are usually performed under local anaesthesia. Tooth extraction is carried out with the help of so-called Davye tooth extraction clamps. There may be some teeth that are too much damaged or only the root is left and even it is not able to be extracted with Davye. In these circumstances the tooth extraction is performed by using various tooth extraction tools in surgical manner. Oral care is very important after tooth extraction. After the operation the routine care of the extracted tooth wound is also important for wound healing and pain.
EXTRACTION OF IMPACTED TOOTH AND WISDOM TOOTH
Nowadays softer foods consumed by the humans due to improving technology the jaw has become smaller comparing to the past. Due to smaller jaw, all present 32 teeth cannot find any place to hang down in the mouth in progress of time and therefore some teeth are embedded in the jawbone. These teeth are usually canine tooth and wisdom tooth. These teeth can stay within the bone for many years without any problem but sometimes can cause also some serious troubles. If the teeth are trouble-free there is no problem to keep it in the mouth as long as the monitoring is maintained. If it causes any pathology it shall be extracted.
The type of extracting the teeth is in general surgery type.
Tooth filling is a process in order to fulfil the function and health of the tooth by cleaning the caries part and re-filling the decayed tooth with appropriate materials.
Caries can comprise the dentin underneath the enamel layer as well as only the enamel. It might also be dental caries called kole caries at the level of gingival. Here is the importance that the damage of the tooth is not too much. Otherwise, the teeth are treated with crowns.
Amalgam or composite fillings are often used in tooth fillings.
Amalgam filling is obtained by means of a mixture of various alloys with dental mercury. The most advantage is the durability. However, it is a significant disadvantage due to metal colour and containing dental mercury that is carcinogenic effective.
Composite fillings are preferred due to the aesthetic fillings. They are not as durable as amalgam fillings. But in recent years, with the development of the technology, sufficient durability and quality has been obtained from the composite fillings.
In addition, gold or on-lay porcelain fillings are performed time to time but lesser.
Removable dentures, which are by colloquially known as palate, are dentures that are removed and put on by the person himself. There are two kinds of denture such as partial and complete denture.
Partial dentures are used in cases when usually in the absence of posterior group of the teeth that can be used as a connection or when an edentulous area is long and fixed denture is not able to be conducted. These dentures are supported with the teeth in the mouth or by means of crochet or so-called precision holders.
Complete dentures are applied in case of edentulous. Removable dentures whether partial or complete are in general problematic dentures.